Protein is made up of amino acids that join together to form long chains. There are 20 amino acids that help to form the thousands of different proteins in the body. It is very important for productivity, growth and development of human body.
It should be noted that protein is not only needed during the early stage of life but also at different stages and levels of human life. However, the amount required depends on gender, age, and physiological conditions such as growth, pregnancy, and lactation among many other things.
Significance of Protein in the Body.
- Enzymes that aid thousands of biochemical reactions that take place within and outside of the cells are proteins.
- Protein plays a vital role in regulating the concentration of acids and bases in both the blood and its fluids
- Some proteins are hormones. Hormones are chemical messengers that aid communication between the cells, tissues and organs.
- Proteins help to regulate body processes to maintain fluid balance.
- Albumin and globulin that help to maintain body fluid balance by attracting and retaining water are basically proteins
- Proteins also form immunoglobulins or antibodies, to fight infection
- Transport proteins carry substances throughout the bloodstream into cells, away from the cells and within cells. The substances transported by these proteins include nutrients like vitamins or minerals, blood sugar, cholesterol and oxygen
However for Nigeria, protein consumption has been studied to depend on various factors which include: affordability, taste, culture, fondness for certain protein-rich foods and nutritional value (in some cases).
On the other hand, soybean often called ‘Miracle Bean’ provides a single-source of adequate level of essential amino acids of high biological value. In addition, when combined with other foods like whole grains, milk and egg it is believed to help children grow taller naturally.
The protein content in Soybean helps to enhance the metabolic functions of the body and ensures repair of human cells.
Soya bean aside from its high level of antioxidants also contains vitamins c, k, B6, riboflavin, folate, and thiamin. Potassium, calcium, copper, phosphorous, manganese, selenium and zinc are minerals that can be derived from the miracle bean.
Soya bean is also effective in aiding the proper functioning of the heart by lowering the total cholesterol level in the body thus preventing heart attack or stroke.
Additionally, with its fibre content, it helps in boosting digestion and aids metabolism.
soybean is the only available crop that provides an inexpensive and high-quality source of protein comparable to meat, poultry and egg. In adults, soybean meals help to improve immunity and quality of life.
Some soybean products
Products from soybean include among others, soy milk, soybean oil, soy sauce, soy flour, tofu, soy cake, soy nut butter, and soy-based infant formula.